One of the leading updates in the medical world is the discovery and success of stem cell therapy. Although there are still some controversies that imbed in the modern discovery, stem cell therapy has still continued to receive praise from those that have been treated by it. It is not that difficult to analyze how stem cells are used in this therapy. Medical practitioners use devices that aids them in providing stem cell therapy to patients. It is necessary to understand the definition of stem cells first in order to know what happens in this therapy.
The Body’s Stem Cells
What sets the stem cell apart from other cells in the body is its ability to regenerate and recover damaged and lost tissues in any part. The most active stem cells in the body are the embryonic stem cells which are basically the cells that mostly make up the embryo. Researchers have already observed embryonic stem cells under the microscope but their full ability is still not fully understood. Many controversies about how embryonic stem cells are used are still the reason why they are not fully accepted in traditional treatment centers.
The stem cells that can be found other than embryos are called adult stem cells. Adult stem cells are quite common in the body because they are present in every tissue. The use of stem cell therapy is already legal in all places but their availability is still limited to certain regions in the country. Adult stem cells are typically acquired from the human brain tissues, bone marrow, and sometimes from the muscles. There are also recent discoveries about the abundance of adult stem cells in the human fats. Patients of this stem cell treatment have found cure in their conditions due to its quick and evident results.
The Kinds of Stem Cells
The three major categories of stem cells are allogenic, autologous, and xenogenic. Stem cells that are harvested from animals are called the autologous stem cells. The human body does not normally reject autologous stem cells which is why they are the most ideal to use in surgeries and transplants. The term used to describe the stem cells that are used and harvested from the same species is allogenic stem cell. Therapies using this kind of stem cells are considered the safest due to the compatibility of stem cell markers. Xenogenic is a term used to describe stem cells that come from a distinct species to the receiver. Xenogenic stem cells are used in treating various conditions although rejection in the patient’s body is quite common. You can know further about how this therapy works through your doctor.